Diagnosing gout? What is gout?

Gout is the retention and buildup of uric acid in the body.

diagnosing gout
Kidney coated in uric acid due to visceral gout. Photo credit to: www.thepoultrysite.com/articles/3509/gout-management-in-poultry

Diagnosing gout is simpler than you think. Most symptoms are quite clear during examinations.

There are two types of gout:

Visceral gout:

Uric acid present in renal tubules and serious coats of the heart, liver, lungs or mesentery (around the abdomen/rib cage area). Uric acid on serious coats look like chalky white dust.

This kind of gout is more common in chicks 2-3 days old.

This type of gout is usually due to renal failure (kidneys). Possible causes are blockage of ureters, renal damage or dehydration.

Causes: kidney damage from infectious bronchitis (IB), avian nephritis virus, mycotoxins or not enough water. Intake of disinfectants may also cause this problem.

Most commonly seen visceral gout following dehydration in newly hatched chicks. Visceral gout outbreaks are related to vitamin A deficiency, treatments using sodium bicarbonate or mycotoxicoses.

Articular gout:

Periarticular urate deposits especially around the joints of toes and the foot. Joints are enlarged and toes malformed. This is rarely seen in broilers.

In serious cases, uric acid can also be seen in the trachea, comb or wattles.

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